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Central Asia and South Caucasus Affairs: 2006
Central Asia and South Caucasus Affairs: 2006
 
Regional Security Issues: 2006
Regional Security Issues: 2006
 
Between the Black and Caspian Seas: New Challenges and Opportunities for the South Caucasus
Between the Black and Caspian Seas: New Challenges and Opportunities for the South Caucasus
 
 
Regional Security Issues
Regional Security Issues
 
The South Caucasus as a Part of the Wider Europe
The South Caucasus as a Part of the Wider Europe
 
Kyrgyzstan   Last Updated ( Thursday, 21 September 2006 )

Kyrgyzstan is situated in the north-east of Central Asia. By the end of the 19th century whole of its territory was under Russian rule. After the October revolution of 1917 Kyrgyzstan has became a part of the Soviet Union and became a Soviet Republic in 1936. The republic of Kyrgyzstan was declared an independent country in 1991 and the former president of Kyrgyz Soviet Republic, Askar Akaev, was elected as the first president of the republic. The Tulip Revolution after the parliamentary elections in March 2005 forced President Akayev's resignation on April 4, 2005. Opposition leaders formed a coalition and a new government was formed under President Kurmanbek Bakiyev and Prime Minister Feliks Kulov.


Almost half of the Kyrgyz population lives in the rural areas. Agriculture is the most important sector of the economy, which accounted for 35.6% of GDP and about half of employment in 2002. The main crops include wheat, sugar beets, potatoes, cotton, tobacco, vegetables, and fruit. Wool, meat, and dairy products are also major commodities.


Kyrgyzstan is a member of the Commonwealth of Independent States since 1991 and has also joined Collective Security Treaty Organization,  Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO),  Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC), Eurasian Economic Community, Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO).


Official name: Republic of Kyrgyzstan

Area:  198,500 sq km

Borders:  China 858 km, Kazakhstan 1,051 km, Tajikistan 870 km, Uzbekistan 1,099 km

Capital:  Bishkek

Provinces: 7 provinces (oblastlar, singular - oblasty) and 1 city (shaar-Bishkek)

Population: 5,213,898 (July 2006 est.)

Ethnic groups:  Kyrgyz 64.9%, Uzbek 13.8%, Russian 12.5%, Dungan 1.1%, Ukrainian 1%, Uygur 1%, other 5.7% (1999 census) 

Birth rate: 22.8 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Language:  Kyrgyz (official), Russian (official)

Religion:  Muslim 75%, Russian Orthodox 20%, other 5% 

Currency:    Som (KGS)   

GDP (purchasing power parity): $10.65 billion (2005 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP): $2,100 (2005 est.)      


For further information see:

BBC Country Profile

The CIA World Factbook. The latest and the most updated country information.

The official website of the government of the republic of Kyrgyzstan. Detailed information about the government composition, ministries, reforms, etc.