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Central Asia and South Caucasus Affairs: 2006
Central Asia and South Caucasus Affairs: 2006
Regional Security Issues: 2006
Regional Security Issues: 2006
Between the Black and Caspian Seas: New Challenges and Opportunities for the South Caucasus
Between the Black and Caspian Seas: New Challenges and Opportunities for the South Caucasus
Regional Security Issues
Regional Security Issues
The South Caucasus as a Part of the Wider Europe
The South Caucasus as a Part of the Wider Europe
Tajikistan   Last Updated ( Wednesday, 06 September 2006 )

Tajikistan was under foreign rule right up to the attainment of independence in 1991. From the 13th to 19th century Tajikistan was under the rule of various empires: Persian, Mongol and ultimately Russian. Tajikistan became a part of the Soviet Union in 1925; achieving the status of a Soviet republic four years later.
Shortly after the collapse of the Soviet Union the civil war broke out. Various groups including the new Islamic opposition have been fighting one another for five years until the ceasefire was negotiated on the 27th June 1997. Today Tajikistan is officially a republic. It holds elections for the president and parliament (Majlisi Oli). Emomali Rahmonov continues to be the president of Tajikistan.

Tajikistan is a landlocked country, the smallest in Central Asia by area. Its economy had been severely damaged during the civil war. Tajikistan’s economy remains highly vulnerable to external shocks and depends on international assistance. The main exports include aluminum, electricity, cotton, fruits, vegetable oil and textiles.

Tajikistan is a member of Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). It belongs to the Organisation of Islamic Conference (OIC),  Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) and the Collective Security Treaty Organisation.

Official name: Republic of Tajikistan

Area:  143,100 sq km

Borders:  Afghanistan 1,206 km, China 414 km, Kyrgyzstan 870 km, Uzbekistan 1,161 km

Capital: Dushanbe

Provinces: 2 provinces (viloyatho, singular - viloyat) and 1 autonomous province(viloyati mukhtor)

Population: 7,320,815 (July 2006 est.)

Ethnic groups:  Tajik 79.9%, Uzbek 15.3%, Russian 1.1%, Kyrgyz 1.1%, other 2.6% (2000 census)

Birth rate:   32.65 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Language:  Tajik (official), Russian widely used in government and business

Religion:   Sunni Muslim 85%, Shi'a Muslim 5%, other 10% (2003 est.)

Currency:  Somoni (TJS)

GDP (purchasing power parity): $8.73 billion (2005 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP):  $1,200 (2005 est.)

For further information see:

BBC Country Profile

The CIA World Factbook. The latest and the most updated country information.

The official website of the government of the republic of Tajikistan. Detailed information about the government composition, ministries, reforms, etc.