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Central Asia and South Caucasus Affairs: 2006
Central Asia and South Caucasus Affairs: 2006
Regional Security Issues: 2006
Regional Security Issues: 2006
Between the Black and Caspian Seas: New Challenges and Opportunities for the South Caucasus
Between the Black and Caspian Seas: New Challenges and Opportunities for the South Caucasus
Regional Security Issues
Regional Security Issues
The South Caucasus as a Part of the Wider Europe
The South Caucasus as a Part of the Wider Europe
Armenia   Last Updated ( Monday, 25 September 2006 )

Armenia was the first country in the world to adopt Christianity as its state religion in 301 AD. Throughout its history the territory of contemporary Armenia had been under the rule of various empires including the Roman, Byzantine, Arab, Persian, and Ottoman. Eastern Armenia was incorporated into the Russian Empire in 1813 1and 1828. After World War I, the Ottoman Empire began to collapse which resulted in the genocide of a large proportion of Armenians living in Anatolia. Despite the independence declared by the Democratic Republic of Armenia the territory was incorporated into the Soviet Union after the settlement with the Turks. It attained the status of a Soviet republic in 1936 and remained so until the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. The first years of independence were marred by the continued confrontation with Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh which carried on since 1988. Levon Ter-Petrosyan was elected the first president of Armenia, but was forced to step down in the middle of his second term in 1998. The same year Robert Kocharian won the elections and was re-elected in 2003.

Like other states of the former Soviet Union Armenia as an independent state has switched over to market economy. However Armenia’s economy was severely damaged by the Spitak earthquake in 1988. Its main agricultural goods include fruit (especially grapes), vegetables and livestock. The industries include diamond-processing, metal-cutting machine tools, forging-pressing machines, electric motors, tires, knitted wear, hosiery, shoes, silk fabric, chemicals, trucks, instruments, microelectronics, jewelry manufacturing, software development, food processing, brandy.

Armenia is a member of the United Nations, CIS, WTO, World Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation, NATO-Program Partnership for peace, International Monetary Fund, Council of Europe, etc.

Official name: Republic of Armenia

Area:  29,800 sq km

Borders:   Azerbaijan-proper 566 km, Azerbaijan-Naxcivan exclave 221 km, Georgia 164 km, Iran 35 km, Turkey 268 km

Capital:  Yerevan

Provinces: 11 provinces (marzer, singular - marz)

Population: 2,976,372 (July 2006 est.)

Ethnic groups: Armenian 97.9%, Yezidi (Kurd) 1.3%, Russian 0.5%, other 0.3% (2001 census)

Birth rate: 12.07 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Language: Armenian 97.7%, Yezidi 1%, Russian 0.9%, other 0.4% (2001 census)

Religion:   Armenian Apostolic 94.7%, other Christian 4%, Yezidi (monotheist with elements of nature worship) 1.3%

Currency: Dram (AMD)

GDP (purchasing power parity): $13.46 billion (2005 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP): $4,500 (2005 est.)

For further information see:

The CIA World Factbook. The latest and the most updated country information.

BBC Country Profile

The official website of the government of the republic of Armenia. Detailed information about the government composition, ministries, reforms, etc.