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Central Asia and South Caucasus Affairs: 2006
Central Asia and South Caucasus Affairs: 2006
Regional Security Issues: 2006
Regional Security Issues: 2006
Between the Black and Caspian Seas: New Challenges and Opportunities for the South Caucasus
Between the Black and Caspian Seas: New Challenges and Opportunities for the South Caucasus
Regional Security Issues
Regional Security Issues
The South Caucasus as a Part of the Wider Europe
The South Caucasus as a Part of the Wider Europe
Georgia   Last Updated ( Saturday, 16 September 2006 )

The ancient kingdoms of Colchis and Kartli-Iberia came under the influence of the Romans in the first centuries A.D. and the present day Georgia became one of the first countries to adopt Christianity. Throughout its history Georgia was dominated and remained under the influence of Arabs, Turks and Persians. In the 19th century Georgia was incorporated into the Russian Empire. The short period of independence (1918-1921) came to an end and in 1936 Georgia was turned into a Soviet republic. It remained so until the dissolution of the Soviet Union. On the 9th of April 1991 Georgia declared independence. Independence was followed by years of political disputes in the Georgian regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Eduard Shevardnadze was officially elected the president of Georgia and retained power until the Rose Revolution of 2003. The revolution was led by Mikhail Saakashvili, who was elected as President of Georgia in 2004.

Today the republic of Georgia has made progress on market reforms despite the damage caused by the civil strife. The real GDP growth rate reached 7% in 2005. Agriculture remains a very important sector of the Georgian economy. Its main production includes citrus, grapes, tea, hazelnuts, vegetables; livestock. The industries include steel, aircraft, machine tools, electrical appliances, mining (manganese and copper), chemicals, wood products and wine.

Georgia has signed the agreement of the Individual Partnership Action Plan with NATO in 2004. Since 1992 the country is a member of the United Nations. Georgia is also a member of GUAM, CIS, WTO, World Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development,
NATO-Program Partnership for peace, Council of Europe, Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation  International Monetary Fund, etc.

Official name: Georgia

Area:  69,700 sq km

Borders: Armenia 164 km, Azerbaijan 322 km, Russia 723 km, Turkey 252 km

Capital: Tbilisi

Provinces: 9 regions (mkharebi, singular - mkhare), 9 cities (k'alak'ebi, singular - k'alak'i), and 2 autonomous republics (avtomnoy respubliki, singular - avtom respublika)

Population: 4,661,473 (July 2006 est.)

Ethnic groups: Georgian 83.8%, Azeri 6.5%, Armenian 5.7%, Russian 1.5%, other 2.5% (2002 census)

Birth rate:  10.41 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Language:  Georgian 71% (official), Russian 9%, Armenian 7%, Azeri 6%, other 7%

Religion: Orthodox Christian 83.9%, Muslim 9.9%, Armenian-Gregorian 3.9%, Catholic 0.8%, other 0.8%, none 0.7% (2002 census)

Currency:  Lari (GEL)

GDP (purchasing power parity): $15.56 billion (2005 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP): $3,300 (2005 est.)

For further information see:

The CIA World Factbook. The latest and the most updated country information.

BBC Country Profile

The official websites of the president and the government of Georgia. Detailed information about the government composition, ministries, reforms, etc.